This report/information talks about Urban sprawl in the areas outlined in the report. This is the first part of the Abstract taken from the pdf Across the nation, the debate over metropolitan sprawl and its impacts continues. A decade ago, Smart Growth America (SGA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sought to raise the level of this debate by sponsoring groundbreaking research on sprawl and its quality-of-life consequences (Ewing et al. 2002; Ewing et al. 2003a, 2003b, 2003c). The original sprawl indices were made available to researchers who wished to explore the various costs and benefits of sprawl. They have been widely used in outcome-related research, particularly in connection with public health. Sprawl has been linked to physical inactivity, obesity, traffic fatalities, poor air quality, residential energy use, emergency response times, teenage driving, lack of social capital, and private-vehicle commute distances and times

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Source http://gis.cancer.gov/tools/urban-sprawl/